To be in a car accident is to face our own mortality. No matter how small of an accident that it might seem it appears in our lives with a suddenness that makes us think of how death must arrive on the scene. It’s a complete interruption of our reality. Each moment is a fluid temporal experience which passes through seamlessly on most days. The squealing shrieks of brakes fruitlessly holding back the killing force of two thousand pounds of steel accompanies the crumpling of metal against metal. No wonder a car accident attorney is able to make so much and why they are in such high demand; car accidents such as these happen every single day and can leave those involved in something like a fog. It’s both a physical and a mental trauma that desperately needs to be addressed. Supposedly this is what we pay our car insurance companies for. Continue reading →
Sociology by Auguste Comte term derived from the Greek (Latin). Sociology derived from the word Socius which means friend or neighbor and logos meaning story. So according to the sociological sense of the word meaning a story about a friend or friends (community).
As a science, sociology is a social science that is composed of the results of scientific thinking critically and can be controlled by others. Here are some definitions of sociology.
a. Roucek and Warren Sociology is the study of human relationships in groups.
b. Pitirim A. Sorokin, sociology is the study of:
– The relationship and mutual influence between the various kinds of social phenomena (eg symptoms of economic, religious symptoms, symptoms of family and moral symptoms).
– The relationship and mutual influence between social phenomena with nonsocial symptoms (symptoms geographic, biological).
c. William F. Ogburn and F. Mayer Nimkoff Sociology is the scientific study of the social interaction and the results, the social organization.
d. J. A. A. Von Dorn and C. J. Lammers Sociology is the science of structures and processes that are stable society.
e. Max Weber’s Sociology is the science that seeks to understand the social tindakantindakan.
f. Selo Soemardjan and Soelaeman Soemardi sociology Sociology is the study of social structure and social processes including social change.
g. Hassan Shadily Sociology is the study of living together in society, investigating ties between people who control life by trying to understand the nature and purpose of living together, living together, and how the formation changes, living trusts, trust, and confidence.
h. Paul B. Horton Sociology is the science that focuses on the study of group life and group life products.
i. Soerjono Soekanto Sociology is a science that focuses on the social aspects of a general nature and trying to get the general patterns of community life.
From some of the descriptions above, the experts concluded that sociology is a science that studies the relationship system in the community, and trying to find common notions, rational empirical, is general and can be controlled critically by others who want to know.
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SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY: THEIR RELATIONSHIP WITH LAW
The intellectual thinking of man, since time immemorial, has resulted in the development of science and technology. The principles of science and technology have developed in response to differing objects of interest. Science and technology have had a great impact on the way we live. Law has tried to regulate the use and abuse of science and the extent of its application. The major question however is whether we are well equipped with the laws to regulate the use of such technologies.
The subject Law, Science and Technology is of great relevance today when Courts have become ”activists” and there has been a tremendous advance in science and technology. The need for sharpening the evidentiary techniques employed in Courts with the help of science and technology cannot be denied. At the same time, one has to be conscious of the limitations. The limitations of both science and the law and the need for both to join hands to strengthen the court-systems by legally admissible scientific evidence must be considered.
MEANING AND DEFINITIONS
The word “Science” comes from the Latin word scientia, meaning “knowledge” or “knowing”. According to Webster’s New Collegiate Dictionary, the definition of science is “knowledge attained through study or practice,” or “knowledge covering general truths of the operation of general laws, esp. as obtained and tested through scientific method [and] concerned with the physical world.”
In other words, science refers to a system of acquiring knowledge. This system uses observation and experimentation to describe and explain natural phenomena. The term science also refers to the organized body of knowledge that people have gained using that system. Less formally, the word science often describes any systematic field of study or the knowledge gained from it. Perhaps the most general description is that the purpose of science is to produce useful models of reality. Most scientific investigations use some form of the scientific method. Science as defined above is sometimes called pure science to differentiate it from applied science, which is the application of research to human needs. Fields of science are commonly classified along two major lines:
-Natural sciences, the study of the natural world, and
-Social sciences, the systematic study of human behavior and society.
The word “technology” comes from the Greek word technologia, which means the systematic treatment of an art, form or skill or a manner of accomplishing a task especially using technical processes, methods or knowledge. In other words, the term technology refers to the application of science, especially to commercial or industrial objects.
A rule of conduct established and enforced by the authority, legislation, or custom of a given community, State, or nation. In essence, law is the tangible and intangible context that links individuals to the community. In addition, it defines responsibilities of individuals to society as much as it defines and protects individual rights. In short, it is a pillar of good governance.
INTER-RELATIONSHIP OF SCIENCE AND LAW
Today”s high technology society forces the two professions (law and science) to interact in a wide array of cases. Legal disputes involving patents, product liability, environmental torts, regulatory proceedings and criminal cases are some fields of such interaction. Further, law and science encounter each other in the laboratory through a number of actions governing intellectual property, research misconduct, etc. The fact-finding agendas of the two disciplines have frequently begun to overlap, if not merge. Because there is a general lack of understanding of each culture, these interactions often lead to a cognitive friction that is both disturbing and costly to the society. Scientists are distrustful of the lawyers and legal proceedings and prefer not to venture into the courtroom. The scientific community that believes that its methods and procedures are above legal scrutiny and questioning often frustrates lawyers. Lawyers and scientists seldom speak the same language. Each should develop a better understanding of the principles and methods of the other”s profession. Bridging the gap between the two cultures is a challenge that this conference seeks to address.
Science and technology seek knowledge through an open-ended search for expanded understanding, whose truths are subject to revision. Law, too, conducts an open-ended search for expanded understanding; however, it demands definite findings of fact at given points in time. The meeting of these two disciplines in the courtroom magnifies the differences between the two cultures. Even the search of truth does not serve the same aims and may not be subject to the same constraints and requirements.
The Courts today deal with complex cases relating to highly sophisticated crimes where criminals take care to erase all evidence of their involvement. In such cases, modernized, scientific and highly sophisticated methods are required to trace the involvement of criminals. A report published in the New York Times (August 7, 2008) stated that with a new analytical technique, a fingerprint can reveal much more than the identity of a person. It can also identify what the person has been touching: drugs, explosives or poisons, for example. Such a laboratory technique can have a wider application in crime investigation. The chemical signature could also help crime investigators trace out one fingerprint out of the smudges of many overlapping prints if the person had been exposed to a specific chemical.
Then there are serious cases of medical negligence and related torts where rival parties seek to rely on expert evidence. Even in the field of environmental pollution involving toxic substances, there is serious difficulty in finding out the levels of danger, the extent of actual and latent damage to humans and environment, and there are uncertainties in accepting the technology installed by the polluter to conform to environmental standards. In some civil cases where handwriting, forgery, or paternity issues are involved there is extensive use of scientific techniques. The Courts are thus dependent and, in fact, compelled to analyse evidence of experts examined on each side. There is again the difficulty of evaluating the conflicting expert evidence adduced by the contesting parties in an adversarial judicial process. However, none can deny that expert witnesses retained by parties often are partisan. In such cases, the technique of “Hot Tubbing” must be embraced. The Australians discovered the technique of “Hot Tubbing” to improve expert evidence. In this procedure, also called concurrent evidence, parties still choose experts, but they testify together at trial-discussing the case, asking each other questions, responding to inquiries from the judge and the lawyers, finding common ground and sharpening the open issues. According to UCLA law professor Jennifer Mnookin, “‘Hot Tubbing is much more interesting than neutral experts.”
DEVELOPMENTS TILL DATE AND THE RECENT TREND
In this era of genomics, of crime prevention and of conviction the following questions need special attention:
Is the legal profession ready for this new information?
How would these techniques benefit the justice delivery system?
Is our society ready for the implications that genomics brings to every facet of our lives?
Is our society struggling with the ethical and social issues thrown up by the new biology such as human cloning, use of animals in biomedical research, etc.?
With the rapid progress in science, are laws in their present form really able to deliver justice efficiently or is some rethinking in the form of new laws or amendments to existing laws required?
Before any major changes can be effected, all stakeholders have to sit together and look for the answers to these unsolved problems. This contact which was missing in India became a reality when the first ever conference of this kind was held. This conference, who”s Chairman was the erstwhile President of India; Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam formed the basis of the ”Hyderabad Declaration on Impact of New Biology on Justice Delivery System”. These deliberations of law were co-organised by the Centre for DNA Fingerprinting and Diagnostics (CDFD) and NALSAR University of law. The deliberations brought together the Judges of the Supreme Court and the High Courts, representatives from various Commissions like the Law Commission and the Human Rights Commission, Directors of the National Law Schools and other legal luminaries, lawyers, scientists, doctors, bio-industrialists, NGO”s, police investigators, journalists and a couple of participants from abroad. Inter alia the meeting emphasized the following:
To establish a Human Genetics Commission to provide technical and strategic advice about the current and emerging issues in Human Genetics, and a consultative mechanism for development oh National Genetics Policy and guidelines in that area;
To establish an Ethics Committee to assess ethical, legal and social issues raised by research on human genome and use of DNA databases;
To statutorily define status of human embryo so that research on embryonic cells is done under statutory control and regulations;
To devise a mechanism to establish links with the International Community of Dispute for resolution of new issues in new biology;
To suitably amend the Patents law to strike a fair balance between public and private interests in case of patents that assert property rights over genetic material.
IMPACT OF SCIENCE ON INVESTIGATION
Science is a compelling and commanding weapon in the armoury of administration of justice. Forensic Science is a science pertaining to law. In particular, it works as the branch, which is used mainly in criminal investigation and findings of which can lead to arrests and convictions. Undoubtedly, scientific investigations generate evidence in favour of the victims and against the accused. Forensic Science helps in providing the identity of the culprit or the accused who willingly or unwillingly, in most of the cases, leaves the mark of his crime, thereby making the job of the investigator much easier in proving the culpability with the aid of Forensic Science.
Forensic Science provides scientific study for investigation of crime. The growth, development and use of Forensic Science in detection of crime in developed countries are tremendous and increasing with new techniques. The area of Forensic Science in India has not been properly looked into, as it ought to have been and more so when the average acquittal rate is alarmingly high. Therefore, in our country, also, the necessity and importance of Forensic Science hardly needs any emphasis. The lack of understanding and appreciation of the importance of specialists in general, by non-specialists, in all fields, cannot be denied. The field of Forensic Science is no exception. Many a time, neither the judge, nor the lawyer nor even the police appreciate fully, the advances or the extensive, promising potentialities of the science and the fusion of new technologies, methodologies, modalities and research. Multitask and multi-professional nature of Forensic Science needs an inter-professional approach, which is, many a time, lacking. Therefore, sincere and serious efforts are required to be made to eliminate personal and professional bias of the involved personnel and professionals.
Forensic Science in criminal investigation and trial is principally concerned with materials and circuitously through materials, with men, places and time. It embraces all branches of science and applies them to the purposes of law. The scientific examination by Forensic Scientists adjoins a missing link or strengthens a weak chain of investigation.
Systematic uses of Forensic Science provide significant assistance in answering the following questions:
(i) How was the crime committed?
(ii) When was the crime committed?
(iii) Who committed the crime?
Law-enforcement agencies refer to Forensic Experts to help solve mysterious situations concerning human life and thereby, provide help and useful contribution to the criminal courts in the journey for search of truth in criminal trials. Forensic Science deals with various aspects, including routine post-mortem to sophisticated tracking piece like DNA analysis.
Unfortunately, techniques and methodology with necessary materials used extensively in Western countries has not successfully clicked in India because of a variety of reasons, the major one being the investment of huge finance. This science is also, at times, useful in finding out the truth in some of the civil cases.
The prosecution mainly calls Forensic Scientists as expert witnesses. The practice of the defense producing Forensic Scientists or the courts consulting on their own listed experts is not very much in vogue. In fact, there is an acute need to bridge the communication gap that presently exists between lawyers, judges and Forensic Scientists. An independent analysis and evaluation of the scientist”s data and any subsequent testimony that may follow again depends on the judges” familiarity and understanding of the principles of Forensic Science.
In Western countries DNA test and profile is widely employed. In a country like ours, the need of such a test and profile may, hardly, be emphasized. In many developed countries, DNA test, genetic testing techniques and “racmization” — testing based on systematic examination of teeth and bite-marks has proved to be very useful. “Racmization” technique is currently used in Japan and Germany. It has potential to replace the traditional method that took into account the eruption and/or fusion and falling sequence of teeth. A fusion of such knowledge of Forensic Science and newly developed techniques will, undoubtedly, not only provide proper perspective and dimensions, but will also lead to detection of crime, and be a great help in search of the truth. It will be useful in the prevention and control of crimes and will provide required assistance to the parties to civil disputes, as well.
IMPACT OF SCIENCE ON THE JUSTICE DELIVERY SYSTEM
Common view is that the Indian justice administration system is slow. However, the major question is, is it the primary problem with Indian justice delivery system? The key issue is, is it is delivering justice at all in majority of cases? If a machine is faulty and makes bad products, then if one speeds up the machine, it will deliver more of those bad products. Therefore, if we speed up a malfunctioning Justice Administration System, it will simply toss up more of injustice. Is that the goal of any justice delivery system?
In the words of Justice Shayamal Kumar Sen, “The investigation process needs to be hastened; otherwise the criminal justice system will suffer”.
Justice Sen urged that research and development should be initiated in a way that would ensure that crime at the grassroots level is detected immediately and an effective management system should be introduced.
According to M P Singh, vice-chancellor, West Bengal National University Of Juridical Science, new techniques should be introduced as it will help in crime detection and the infrastructure should be developed in a way that will not only give momentum to effective criminal delivery system but will also hasten the entire long drawn process of investigation.
IMPACT OF SCIENCE ON COURT AND COURT PROCESSES
Science is not new to the Indian courts. Towards the end of 1989, one low-end computer was installed in Supreme Court of India for caveat matching. Immediately thereafter, in 1990, Justice GC Bharuka, as a sitting Judge at the Patna High Court initiated the process of court computerization. On his transfer to Karnataka in 1994, he undertook to introduce ICT (Information and Communucation Tecnologies) in the entire judiciary of the state of Karnataka.
Presently all the courts upto the taluka level are computerized. All the judicial officers and court staff are trained. There is complete automation from filing of a case to grant of a certified copy. Digital production of under-trial prisoners by video-conferencing is made possible. Through website, causelists of the Supreme Court of India, High Courts, district courts and various Tribunals is made available online, a day before.
SCIENCE AND GREY AREAS OF LAWS
v SPACE LAWS
Simply put, Space law is a part of International jurisprudence related to outer space. It follows customary practice in defining outer space, the region 100 km beyond the earth”s surface.
With the advancement of science and technology, things that were once considered impossible are now increasingly becoming possible and even fashionable. No one, some six decades back would have thought of going to space, let alone marrying in space. Thanks to science, this has now become a reality. For $2.3 million, a person can cement bonds from 62 miles straight up. Japanese company First Advantage, along with former X-Prize contender Rocketplane Global, is teaming up to offer weddings in space.
According to a LiveScience article, Rocketplane Global “is developing the XP Spaceplane for private suborbital spaceflights. The four-seat spaceship is slated to be about the size of a fighter jet and designed to carry two jet engines and a rocket engine to reach space.”
Besides shelling out $2.3 million, a person has to undergo four day”s worth of training for the one-hour ceremony. Training includes safety procedures, weightless maneuvering, and to explain to one”s family why they were not invited.
Not only this, Sapporo Breweries, the Japanese beer maker established in 1876, is brewing beer from barley descended from seeds that spent five months on the International Space Station ( ISS).
According to a CNN article, “The project is part of biological studies of the adaptability of plants to environmental changes and the impact from stresses such as space travel.”
If successful, the study will bring the world one-step closer to growing crops in space. In addition, fortunately, right now, scientists cannot tell the difference between the ISS grains and homegrown barley.
However, in order for commercial space activities to grow, there must be an attractive legal environment. Unfortunately existing space law consists mostly of some inter-governmental treaties that are quite inappropriate for business.
Space is just another place where humans are going to live. In addition, because space is almost limitless humans are going to live there in vast numbers in the future. In other words, it will become a completely new habitat. Today most activities in space are government ones because getting to and from space is so expensive. Once travel from orbit is cheap enough, as on earth, individuals, private companies and organizations will carry on most activities in space. At that time space activities will involve almost every industry, be it catering and drinks, fashion and entertainment, or law.
An attractive legal environment is needed to enable operating companies to plan passenger services and place orders for the vehicles that they require, and for manufacturers to finalize vehicle design details and raise the investment that they need in order to put the vehicles into production.
Sovereignty over outer space is another debatable issue that needs to be resolved.
CYBER LAWS AND JURISDICTIONAL ISSUES
With the advent of internet, a whole new category of crime that includes fraud, theft of services and data, copyright infringement, destruction of data through computer sabotage (viruses) and acts causing inconvenience to agencies comprising sensitive, secret or confidential functions has come up. Chances of use of the web as a forum for publication of defamatory content has increased multifold and there is a need for a clear, coherent expression of the law in this area.
Hacking time theft (stealing someone else”s internet time) pornography, sending threatening e-mail, defamatory e-mail, hacking e-mail, e-mail bombs, etc. are the main areas of cyber crime.
The people who commit cyber crimes are mostly those who have white-collar jobs, unlike usual criminals. They can even be high school kids. The territory that a cyber crime can stretch across is immense. It can go over continents
The principles that govern the exercise of criminal jurisdiction are based on the assumption that “crime” is a territorial phenomenon. Cyber crime makes these principles problematic in varying ways and in varying degrees. Unlike real-world crime, it is not physically grounded; it increasingly tends not to occur in a single sovereign territory.
The perpetrator of a cyber crime may physically be in Country A, while his victim is in Country B, or his victims are in Countries B, C, and D and so on. The perpetrator may further complicate matters by routing his attack on the victim in Country B through computers in Countries F and G. The result of these and other cyber crime scenarios is that the cyber crime is not committed “in” the territory of a single sovereign state; instead, “pieces” of the cyber crime occur in territory claimed by several different sovereigns.
Cyber crime is a primary example of cross-border crime, and so, it raises the issue of jurisdiction. This is a tricky issue. Acts on the Internet that are legal in the state where they are initiated may be illegal in other states, even though the act is not particularly targeted at that state. Jurisdiction conflicts abound, both negative (no state claims jurisdiction) and positive (several states claim jurisdiction at the same time). Above all, it is unclear just what constitutes jurisdiction: is it the place of the act, the country of residence of the perpetrator, the location of the effect, or the nationality of the owner of the computer that is under attack? Or all of these at once? It turns out that countries think quite differently on this issue. The cyber crime statutes of numerous countries show varying and diverging jurisdiction clauses. Since internet allows transactions between persons of various jurisdictions, an international agreement (to be crystallized into a convention, later) is required for any regulation. However, in arriving at a uniform law, varying standards adopted by jurisdictions across the world and the point of balance adopted by them have to be kept in mind.
Jurisdiction is a highly debatable issue as to the maintainability of any suit that has been filed. Today with the growing arms of cyberspace the territorial boundaries seems to vanish thus the concept of territorial jurisdiction as envisaged under S.16 of C.P.C. and S.2.of the I.P.C. will have to give way to alternative method of dispute resolution.
In addressing the issues of what problems were posed by cyber-crime, Mr. Corell noted that the scope of international cooperation is limited by international agreements and by the national law of the State from which information has been requested. There are also differing priorities between developed and developing countries. These differences complicate international cooperation and expand the gap between the two groups.
There is no authoritative, comprehensive elaboration of the principle of universal jurisdiction concerning cyber-crime, he said. There are different views concerning the offences that constitute crimes under international law that are subject to universal jurisdiction. There are also different opinions with respect to the significance of the obligation to prosecute or extradite, as contained in various treaties, as evidence of universal jurisdiction. Whether States are not only permitted, but also required, to exercise jurisdiction with respect to crimes under international law, is also subject to different opinions.
The magnetism of science has always captivated members of the legal profession. People look up to science to rescue them from the experience of uncertainty and the discomfort of difficult legal decisions, and are constantly disappointed.
The notion of what constitutes science and what it would take to make law more scientific varies across time. What does not vary is our constant return to the well. We are constantly seduced into believing that some new science will provide an answer to laws dilemmas, and we are constantly disappointed.
In the words of Senior Advocate K.T.S. Tulsi — “There is no doubt that [science] is going to overtake the law enforcement agencies by storm. No one will be able to avoid it. It is like standing on the shore and asking the waves of the sea not to come. What is required is a proper debate about the real value of [science] and whether it fits into the overall picture and what use could be made of it by the investigators.”
The federal criminal code of the United States is quite extensive, covering almost any mandate. The central law undermines the act of the state and the states derive their laws from the rules directed by the federal government. Whenever the states get more specific, they have the risk of being overturned federally.
There are about 123 chapters related to the Codes of United States on crimes. They cover the rules of motor vehicles, arson, animals, assault, contracts, child support, mail fraud, homicide, espionage and citizenship.
Time when the Law Comes into Effect
The law is applicable whenever an offense is perpetrated against the federal government or else, if a crime takes place across the state lines or in several states for instance, when a serial killer kills in several states. Offenses against the government of the USA include counterfeiting of American currency. If you bombed a federal building, you could be tried federally. Anything happening on a military base is considered to be a centralized offense. An offense in Washington, D.C. is enclosed within the rules of the district, but this is a perpetual âEUR~gray areaâEUR(TM), in the law, since it is technically a federal land.
Laws stating Never Control
Many offenses covered in the US code are not the job of the state. Different types of foreign relations are handled by the central government in order that the states remain united. Navy and military offenses are considered to be federal crimes as they are under the direct jurisdiction of the government. An offense undertaken through the postal service of the United States can be prosecuted federally since it involves a federal agency like stealing monies or soliciting information. The offenses that are committed in the National Parks are federal offenses and they can be prosecuted.
Ground of Law
Almost any rule falls under the purview of centralized criminal code. Assault, drug possession, civil rights and chemical weapons âEUR” all give the judicial system a base for prosecuting offenses. The federal regulations are sanctioned for protecting the rights of all citizens. They are not attempted for limiting the civil liberties, but are undertaken for restricting them in such a way so that your individual rights donâEUR(TM)t interfere with the liberties of another citizen. Murder is a burning instance. You wonâEUR(TM)t be able to express your will at the cost of the life of another person as it interferes on the civil liberties. Similarly, you are not allowed to steal from others as it interferes with the right to property.
Try to abide by the criminal rules of the United States. However, if you commit a crime unintentionally, you may consult with an expert Miami criminal lawyer for solving your case.
Dealing with the criminals may make you mean but at the same time it turns you a better judge of human character and mind frame. A criminal lawyer does not only protect an individual but a company also. Common people have some wrong ideas about criminal activities but apart from those there are more for which one can be prosecuted.
As crimes have different faces, the attorneys related to criminal laws take care of those in different ways. The system which is applicable for an individual would certainly not work if it is a matter of a company. Crime is something that changes in perspectives. Common people believe that a criminal lawyer tries to protect the criminals but it is just the opposite. A criminal lawyer is the one who tries to figure out whether the perspectives match to call the convicted as guilty.
LetâEUR(TM)s take the matter of Federal Defense in the context of this matter. It is charged only when a common person or a company reportedly violates the law and order of the Federal State. An indictment is needed in this regard and it can only be presented by the government to the grand jury. It is such a matter that the defendant would never know regarding this until he is arrested.
Now, there are several accounts on which a person or a company can be prosecuted. Let us find out the level of the crimes for which one can be taken into the custody or can be summoned by the court. The crimes can be stated as
White collar crimes, where one or a company is involved in fraud, embezzlement or insider trading. This is considered to be a victimless crime by many. Yet, it is not so.
Trading with the enemy countries with whom the United States government is not in a very good condition;
Drug trafficking, counterfeiting, conspiracy and more other issues related to smuggling;
Immigration offenses; in fact, it is such an offense that may make trouble for the lawyers also.
Murder or other heinous act
There are more other reasons for what someone or a group can be detained. If you are charged with any of the above mentioned offenses, you should seek consultation from a criminal lawyer. As lawyers they can show reasons like the loopholes in the law or the insanity of the detained one or the reasons of necessity or more. But the truth is that, if the condition is in favor, the lawyers can do their best until any circumstance turns the dice.
Have you been charged with a criminal offense in Fort Lauderdale? The first thing that you should do is to contact a criminal attorney. Criminal law in Fort Lauderdale is extremely complicated. Without professional expertise you can not deal with it successful. Moreover getting arrested for a crime itself is a traumatic and stressful experience. In such a situation it is not impossible for the convicted person to take a wrong step. When you are mentally disturbed, you can not handle such intricate legal things yourself. A single mistake can change your life. So you better count on somebody who has experience and expertise in criminal cases. Hiring a lawyer will ensure that consequences that follow your arrest don’t become too harsh for you.
Even if you get arrested Fort Lauderdale law gives you the opportunity to protect your constitutional rights. All you need is an experienced attorney who can fight aggressively on your behalf. Whether DUI charges or drug charges are brought against you, a criminal lawyer can successfully handle the case.
Criminal Charges in Fort Lauderdale:
Fort Lauderdale criminal law encompasses both state laws and federal laws. If you violate any of the following laws in Fort Lauderdale, criminal charges can be brought against you.
Crimes of violence
Robbery and burglary
Motor vehicle offenses
White collar crimes
Each and every place in US has a set format as far as criminal law is concerned. A Fort Lauderdale Criminal Attorney will be well aware of the laws. Hence, hiring a lawyer will ensure that he represents you in the court and defends you against the charges. You should not take a single step without consulting your lawyer.
Remember, you have the following constitutional rights.
· right to remain silent
· right to have a lawyer
· right to have a trial
· right to be presumed innocent
So you can keep silent until you consult your lawyer.
Historically, lawyer websites have been rather impersonal, only offering contact information and perhaps some general snippets of the law. However, as the popularity of blogging has exploded, more and more lawyers are blogging on the law.
These new attorney blogs are often insightful as lawyers provide candid commentary in the legal spectrum as well as helping laymen (non-lawyers) better understand the law, how it works, and practical implications of everything from pending legislation to court room procedure.
Another cool feature of legal blogs is how specialized and categorical they usually are. For example, while a blog about law may seemed isolated into a specific niche, it would actually be very broad. Most online law journals only attempt to cover one field such as criminal or divorce law.
While these nifty types of websites do give a great look into an attorney’s mind, visitors must remember the writing is usually only commentary or opinion and not the letter of the law itself unless specifically cited. There are usually disclaimers all over a lawyer’s website stipulating that the information provided should not be construed as legal advice, but savvy web browsers have grown accustomed to overlooking the fine print.
Lawyer blogs provide a great benefit to the public and general education of those who read, but blogging attorneys also gain an advantage from writing. One pro is offering commentary on the law gives readers and potential clients a good indication of what level of expertise the lawyer has. Another upside for attorneys is it helps bridge a personal touch to those considering hiring them. Often times, a connection can be developed just from reading thoughts and with blogs, visitors are usually able to write feedback or ask questions.
A newer extension of this sort of interaction is currently developing in Twitter. Twitter provides a similar platform, but the amount of information is curtailed and communication can take place at a much higher rate of speed.
Being charged with a criminal accusation is a very tough thing to digest especially if you have not committed any crime. Be it any kind of crime, being charged itself can change your life entirely. The worst thing that people want to escape is the social stigma attached to it. Moreover you can loss your job and don’t get another job until you are being declared to be innocent.
When you are accused of committing a crime it is quite natural for you to be upset. But many people also try to be over smart. They think that it is not a big issue and since they are innocent. The mistake they do is to take things in their hand. They feel that handling a legal affair is not a tough job and they can proceed in spite of not having adequate knowledge and experience. They think that their honesty is enough to prove themselves innocent. This is an incorrigible blunder.
Remember if you are innocent and still the charge has been brought against you, it means that you have been framed. Those who have framed you will not let you go so easily. Their lawyer will play each and every trick he can to prove you innocent.
Without having knowledge and experience it is absolutely impossible for you to argue with your opponent’s lawyer. So the immediate step that you should take after being charged with a criminal case is to hire a criminal lawyer who has extensive experience and knowledge in this field.
If you live in a place like Miami, you need to understand that the criminal law id extremely stringent. It covers the following crimes.
- Crimes of violence
- Robbery and burglary
- Property crimes
- Sex crimes
- Drug-related crimes
- Motor vehicle offenses
- Domestic crimes
- White collar crimes
If you have been charged with any of the above mentioned crime you should contact a Criminal Lawyer Miami immediately. Seeking help from a lawyer on time is essential. Remember the lawyers not only represent their clients in court but they can also drop the charge if hired early. Even if the can’t drop the charge they can at least reduce the charges. So hiring a lawyer is extremely important. He will do the paper works on your behalf, frame the case and argue for you in the court to ensure that the verdict goes in your favor.
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